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Medicines 2016, 3(2), 10; doi:10.3390/medicines3020010

Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of the Volatile Oil of Ganoderma pfeifferi Bres

1
Department of Pharmacognosy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Aden University, P.O. Box 5411 (Maalla) Aden, Yemen
2
Department of Pharmaceutical Biology, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald, D-17487 Greifswald, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lutfun Nahar, Norazah Basar and Satyajit D. Sarker
Received: 24 March 2016 / Revised: 18 April 2016 / Accepted: 19 April 2016 / Published: 28 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Essential Oils: Chemistry and Bioactivity)
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Abstract

In a first study of the volatile oil of the mushroom basidiomycete Ganoderma pfeifferi Bres., the chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the oil were investigated. The volatile oil was obtained from the fresh fruiting bodies of Ganoderma pfeifferi Bres. By hydrodistillation extraction and analyzed by GC-MS. The antimicrobial activity of the oil was evaluated against five bacteria strains and two types of fungi strains, using disc diffusion and broth microdilution methods. In addition, the antioxidant activity of the oil was determined using DPPH assay. Four volatile compounds representing 90.5% of the total oil were identified. The majority of the essential oil was dominated by 1-octen-3-ol (amyl vinyl carbinol) 1 (73.6%) followed by 1-octen-3-ol acetate 2 (12.4%), phenylacetaldehyde 3 (3.0%) and 6-camphenol 4 (1.5%). The results showed that the Gram-positive bacteria species are more sensitive to the essential oil than Gram-negative bacteria. The oil showed strong antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus as well as Candida albicans. Moreover, the oil exhibited strong radical scavenging activity in the DPPH assay. This first report on the chemical composition and biological properties of G. pfeifferi volatile oil makes its pharmaceutical uses rational and provides a basis in the biological and phytochemical investigations of the volatile oils of Ganodermataceae species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Ganoderma pfeifferi ; GC-MS; volatile oil composition; antimicrobial; antioxidant Ganoderma pfeifferi ; GC-MS; volatile oil composition; antimicrobial; antioxidant
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Al-Fatimi, M.; Wurster, M.; Lindequist, U. Chemical Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of the Volatile Oil of Ganoderma pfeifferi Bres. Medicines 2016, 3, 10.

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