Oxidative Stress in Methylmercury-Induced Cell Toxicity
AbstractMethylmercury (MeHg) is a hazardous environmental pollutant, which elicits significant toxicity in humans. The accumulation of MeHg through the daily consumption of large predatory fish poses potential health risks, and the central nervous system (CNS) is the primary target of toxicity. Despite well-described neurobehavioral effects (i.e., motor impairment), the mechanisms of MeHg-induced toxicity are not completely understood. However, several lines of evidence point out the oxidative stress as an important molecular mechanism in MeHg-induced intoxication. Indeed, MeHg is a soft electrophile that preferentially interacts with nucleophilic groups (mainly thiols and selenols) from proteins and low-molecular-weight molecules. Such interaction contributes to the occurrence of oxidative stress, which can produce damage by several interacting mechanisms, impairing the function of various molecules (i.e., proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids), potentially resulting in modulation of different cellular signal transduction pathways. This review summarizes the general aspects regarding the interaction between MeHg with regulators of the antioxidant response system that are rich in thiol and selenol groups such as glutathione (GSH), and the selenoenzymes thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) and glutathione peroxidase (Gpx). A particular attention is directed towards the role of the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway and the nuclear transcription factor NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in MeHg-induced redox imbalance. View Full-Text
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Antunes dos Santos, A.; Ferrer, B.; Marques Gonçalves, F.; Tsatsakis, A.M.; Renieri, E.A.; Skalny, A.V.; Farina, M.; Rocha, J.B.T.; Aschner, M. Oxidative Stress in Methylmercury-Induced Cell Toxicity. Toxics 2018, 6, 47.
Antunes dos Santos A, Ferrer B, Marques Gonçalves F, Tsatsakis AM, Renieri EA, Skalny AV, Farina M, Rocha JBT, Aschner M. Oxidative Stress in Methylmercury-Induced Cell Toxicity. Toxics. 2018; 6(3):47.Chicago/Turabian Style
Antunes dos Santos, Alessandra; Ferrer, Beatriz; Marques Gonçalves, Filipe; Tsatsakis, Aristides M.; Renieri, Elisavet A.; Skalny, Anatoly V.; Farina, Marcelo; Rocha, João B.T.; Aschner, Michael. 2018. "Oxidative Stress in Methylmercury-Induced Cell Toxicity." Toxics 6, no. 3: 47.