Current View in Platinum Drug Mechanisms of Peripheral Neurotoxicity
AbstractPeripheral neurotoxicity is the dose-limiting factor for clinical use of platinum derivatives, a class of anticancer drugs which includes cisplatin, carboplatin, and oxaliplatin. In particular cisplatin and oxaliplatin induce a severe peripheral neurotoxicity while carboplatin is less neurotoxic. The mechanisms proposed to explain these drugs’ neurotoxicity are dorsal root ganglia alteration, oxidative stress involvement, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Oxaliplatin also causes an acute and reversible neuropathy, supposed to be due by transient dysfunction of the voltage-gated sodium channels of sensory neurons. Recent studies suggest that individual genetic variation may play a role in the pathogenesis of platinum drug neurotoxicity. Even though all these mechanisms have been investigated, the pathogenesis is far from clearly defined. In this review we will summarize the current knowledge and the most up-to-date hypotheses on the mechanisms of platinum drug-induced peripheral neurotoxicity. View Full-Text
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Chiorazzi, A.; Semperboni, S.; Marmiroli, P. Current View in Platinum Drug Mechanisms of Peripheral Neurotoxicity. Toxics 2015, 3, 304-321.
Chiorazzi A, Semperboni S, Marmiroli P. Current View in Platinum Drug Mechanisms of Peripheral Neurotoxicity. Toxics. 2015; 3(3):304-321.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chiorazzi, Alessia; Semperboni, Sara; Marmiroli, Paola. 2015. "Current View in Platinum Drug Mechanisms of Peripheral Neurotoxicity." Toxics 3, no. 3: 304-321.