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Toxics 2014, 2(2), 307-326; doi:10.3390/toxics2020307

Comparison of Selected Methods for Individual Decontamination of Chemical Warfare Agents

Population Protection Institute, Na Luzci 204, Lazne Bohdanec 533 41, Czech Republic
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Received: 25 March 2014 / Revised: 20 May 2014 / Accepted: 3 June 2014 / Published: 13 June 2014
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Abstract

This study addresses the individual decontamination of chemical warfare agents (CWA) and other hazardous substances. The individual decontamination applies to contaminated body surfaces, protective clothing and objects immediately after contamination, performed individually or by mutual assistance using prescribed or improvised devices. The article evaluates the importance of individual decontamination, security level for Fire and Rescue Service Units of the Czech Republic (FRS CR) and demonstrates some of the devices. The decontamination efficiency of selected methods (sorbent, glove and sponge, two-chamber foam device and wiping with alcohol) was evaluated for protective clothing and painted steel plate contaminated with O-ethyl-S-(diisopropylaminoethyl)-methylthiophosphonate (VX), sulfur mustard, o-cresol and acrylonitrile. The methods were assessed from an economic point of view and with regard to specific user parameters, such as the decontamination of surfaces or materials with poor accessibility and vertical surfaces, the need for a water rinse as well as toxic waste and its disposal. View Full-Text
Keywords: hazardous substance; decontamination efficiency; residual contamination; Desprach sorbent; decontamination glove; decontamination sponge hazardous substance; decontamination efficiency; residual contamination; Desprach sorbent; decontamination glove; decontamination sponge
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Capoun, T.; Krykorkova, J. Comparison of Selected Methods for Individual Decontamination of Chemical Warfare Agents. Toxics 2014, 2, 307-326.

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