Climate Change and Its Impact on the Yield of Major Food Crops: Evidence from Pakistan
AbstractPakistan is vulnerable to climate change, and extreme climatic conditions are threatening food security. This study examines the effects of climate change (e.g., maximum temperature, minimum temperature, rainfall, relative humidity, and the sunshine) on the major crops of Pakistan (e.g., wheat, rice, maize, and sugarcane). The methods of feasible generalized least square (FGLS) and heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation (HAC) consistent standard error were employed using time series data for the period 1989 to 2015. The results of the study reveal that maximum temperature adversely affects wheat production, while the effect of minimum temperature is positive and significant for all crops. Rainfall effect towards the yield of a selected crop is negative, except for wheat. To cope with and mitigate the adverse effects of climate change, there is a need for the development of heat- and drought-resistant high-yielding varieties to ensure food security in the country. View Full-Text
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Ali, S.; Liu, Y.; Ishaq, M.; Shah, T.; Abdullah; Ilyas, A.; Din, I.U. Climate Change and Its Impact on the Yield of Major Food Crops: Evidence from Pakistan. Foods 2017, 6, 39.
Ali S, Liu Y, Ishaq M, Shah T, Abdullah, Ilyas A, Din IU. Climate Change and Its Impact on the Yield of Major Food Crops: Evidence from Pakistan. Foods. 2017; 6(6):39.Chicago/Turabian Style
Ali, Sajjad; Liu, Ying; Ishaq, Muhammad; Shah, Tariq; Abdullah; Ilyas, Aasir; Din, Izhar U. 2017. "Climate Change and Its Impact on the Yield of Major Food Crops: Evidence from Pakistan." Foods 6, no. 6: 39.