Extraction, Identification and Photo-Physical Characterization of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) Carotenoids
AbstractCarotenoid pigments were extracted and purified from persimmon fruits using accelerated solvent extraction (ASE). Eleven pigments were isolated and five of them were clearly identified as all-trans-violaxanthine, all-trans-lutein, all-trans-zeaxanthin all-trans-cryptoxanthin and all-trans-β-carotene. Absorption and fluorescence spectra were recorded. To evaluate the potential of 1O2 quenching of the purified carotenoids, we used a monocarboxylic porphyrin (P1COOH) as the photosensitizer to produce 1O2. The rate constants of singlet oxygen quenching (Kq) were determined by monitoring the near-infrared (1270 nm) luminescence of 1O2 produced by photosensitizer excitation. The lifetime of singlet oxygen was measured in the presence of increasing concentrations of carotenoids in hexane. Recorded Kq values show that all-trans-β-cryptoxanthin, all-trans-β-carotene, all-trans-lycopene and all-trans-zeaxanthin quench singlet oxygen in hexane efficiently (associated Kq values of 1.6 × 109, 1.3 × 109, 1.1 × 109 and 1.1 × 109 M−1·s−1, respectively). The efficiency of singlet oxygen quenching of β-cryptoxanthin can thus change the consideration that β-carotene and lycopene are the most efficient singlet oxygen quenchers acting as catalysts for deactivation of the harmful 1O2. View Full-Text
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Zaghdoudi, K.; Ngomo, O.; Vanderesse, R.; Arnoux, P.; Myrzakhmetov, B.; Frochot, C.; Guiavarc’h, Y. Extraction, Identification and Photo-Physical Characterization of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) Carotenoids. Foods 2017, 6, 4.
Zaghdoudi K, Ngomo O, Vanderesse R, Arnoux P, Myrzakhmetov B, Frochot C, Guiavarc’h Y. Extraction, Identification and Photo-Physical Characterization of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) Carotenoids. Foods. 2017; 6(1):4.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zaghdoudi, Khalil; Ngomo, Orleans; Vanderesse, Régis; Arnoux, Philippe; Myrzakhmetov, Bauyrzhan; Frochot, Céline; Guiavarc’h, Yann. 2017. "Extraction, Identification and Photo-Physical Characterization of Persimmon (Diospyros kaki L.) Carotenoids." Foods 6, no. 1: 4.
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