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Foods 2016, 5(3), 60; doi:10.3390/foods5030060

Correlations between Polyacetylene Concentrations in Carrot (Daucus carota L.) and Various Soil Parameters

1
Department of Plant Breeding, Swedish University of Agriculture, P.O. Box 101, Alnarp 230 53, Sweden
2
Biodynamic Research Institute, Skilleby, Järna 153 91, Sweden
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marie Thérèse Charles
Received: 8 July 2016 / Revised: 22 August 2016 / Accepted: 26 August 2016 / Published: 31 August 2016
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Abstract

This study assessed the concentrations of three falcarinol-type polyacetylenes (falcarinol, falcarindiol, falcarindiol-3-acetate) in carrots and the correlations between these and different soil traits. A total of 144 carrot samples, from three different harvests taken a single season, were analysed in terms of their polyacetylene concentrations and root development. On one of the harvesting occasions, 48 soil samples were also taken and analysed. The chemical composition of the soil was found to influence the concentrations of falcarinol-type polyacetylenes in carrots. When the total soil potassium level was 200 mg/100 g soil, the concentration of falcarindiol (FaDOH) in the carrot samples was 630 μg/g DW, but when carrots were grown in soil with a total potassium level of 300 mg/100 g soil, the FaDOH concentration in the carrots fell to 445 μg/g DW. Carrots grown in soils generally low in available phosphorus exhibited higher levels of falcarindiol if the soil was also low in available magnesium and calcium. The concentrations of polyacetylenes in carrots were positively correlated with total soil phosphorus level, but negatively correlated with total soil potassium level. Of the three polyacetylenes analysed, FaDOH concentrations were influenced most by changes in soil chemical composition. View Full-Text
Keywords: carrot; Daucus carota; polyacetylenes; falcarinol; falcarindiol; falcarindiol-3-acetate; organic agriculture; soluble sugar; soil parameters carrot; Daucus carota; polyacetylenes; falcarinol; falcarindiol; falcarindiol-3-acetate; organic agriculture; soluble sugar; soil parameters
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Kjellenberg, L.; Johansson, E.; Gustavsson, K.-E.; Granstedt, A.; Olsson, M.E. Correlations between Polyacetylene Concentrations in Carrot (Daucus carota L.) and Various Soil Parameters. Foods 2016, 5, 60.

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