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Foods 2015, 4(2), 159-172; doi:10.3390/foods4020159

Quality Characteristics and Shelf-Life of Ultra-High Pressure Homogenized (UHPH) Almond Beverage

Centre Especial de Recerca Planta de Tecnologia dels Aliments (CERPTA), XaRTA, TECNIO, Departament de Ciència Animal y dels Aliments, Facultat de Veterinària, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra 08193, Barcelona, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Carl Joseph Schaschke
Received: 9 April 2015 / Revised: 7 May 2015 / Accepted: 9 May 2015 / Published: 20 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue High Pressure Processing of Foods)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [418 KB, uploaded 20 May 2015]

Abstract

The effects of ultra-high-pressure homogenization (UHPH) at 200 MPa, in combination with different inlet temperatures (55 or 75 °C) during storage at 4 °C were studied and compared with pasteurized (90 °C, 90 s) almond beverage. Microbiological analysis of the physical (particle sedimentation and color) and volatile profile of the most relevant compound in almond beverages was performed at days 1, 7, 14, and 21 of cold storage. UHPH treatment 200 at 75 °C led to higher microbiological reduction after treatment and higher stability during cold storage in almond beverages than pasteurization or UHPH 200 at 55 °C. Physical characteristics of UHPH-treated samples exhibited a high stability during storage with a stable color. Volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction were identified by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. The effect of UHPH treatment significantly (p < 0.05) affected the volatile profile compared with pasteurized beverages, although UHPH conditions applied produced similar effects in almond beverages. Benzaldehyde was the most abundant compound detected in all treatments. Hexanal was more abundant in UHPH-treated samples, indicating a higher lipid oxidation compared to pasteurized almond beverages. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultra-high pressure homogenization (UHPH); almond beverage; shelf life; color; physical stability; volatile profile ultra-high pressure homogenization (UHPH); almond beverage; shelf life; color; physical stability; volatile profile
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferragut, V.; Valencia-Flores, D.C.; Pérez-González, M.; Gallardo, J.; Hernández-Herrero, M. Quality Characteristics and Shelf-Life of Ultra-High Pressure Homogenized (UHPH) Almond Beverage. Foods 2015, 4, 159-172.

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