Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Foods 2013, 2(2), 170-182; doi:10.3390/foods2020170
Article

Effect of Carboxylmethyl Cellulose Coating and Osmotic Dehydration on Freeze Drying Kinetics of Apple Slices

, †,* ,
,
,
 and
Received: 20 February 2013; in revised form: 4 May 2013 / Accepted: 9 May 2013 / Published: 21 May 2013
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [639 KB, uploaded 21 May 2013]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: The effect of different concentrations of sugar solution (hypertonic) (30%, 45% and 60% w/v) and carboxyl methyl cellulose (CMC) (0%, 1% and 2% w/v) coating on freeze drying of apple slices was studied. In total, nine treatments with respect to concentrations of hypertonic solution and coating layer were prepared to analyze their influence on the physical and chemical properties of freeze dried apple slices. It was observed that increase in the sugar solution concentration, decreased the moisture content of the apple slices significantly impacting its water activity, texture and sugar gain. Application of different concentrations of CMC coating had no significant effect on the properties of dried apple slices. A significant change was observed for color of CMC coated freeze dried apple slices pretreated with 60% sugar solution. Drying kinetics of pretreated apple slices were fitted by using two drying models, Newton’s and Page’s. Page’s model showed higher R-square and lower root mean square error (RSME) compared to Newton’s model.
Keywords: apple slices; osmo-dehydration; freeze drying; carboxyl methyl cellulose coating; drying kinetics apple slices; osmo-dehydration; freeze drying; carboxyl methyl cellulose coating; drying kinetics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Rahimi, J.; Singh, A.; Adewale, P.O.; Adedeji, A.A.; Ngadi, M.O.; Raghavan, V. Effect of Carboxylmethyl Cellulose Coating and Osmotic Dehydration on Freeze Drying Kinetics of Apple Slices. Foods 2013, 2, 170-182.

AMA Style

Rahimi J, Singh A, Adewale PO, Adedeji AA, Ngadi MO, Raghavan V. Effect of Carboxylmethyl Cellulose Coating and Osmotic Dehydration on Freeze Drying Kinetics of Apple Slices. Foods. 2013; 2(2):170-182.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rahimi, Jamshid; Singh, Ashutosh; Adewale, Peter O.; Adedeji, Akinbode A.; Ngadi, Michael O.; Raghavan, Vijaya. 2013. "Effect of Carboxylmethyl Cellulose Coating and Osmotic Dehydration on Freeze Drying Kinetics of Apple Slices." Foods 2, no. 2: 170-182.

Foods EISSN 2304-8158 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert