Next Article in Journal
Final-Year Dental Undergraduate Attitudes towards Specialisation
Previous Article in Journal
An Ingested Orthodontic Wire Fragment: A Case Report
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Dent. J. 2016, 4(3), 25; doi:10.3390/dj4030025

Establishing the Effect of Brushing and a Day’s Diet on Tooth Tissue Loss in Vitro

1
UHBristol, Bristol Dental Hospital, Lower Maudlin Street, Bristol BS1 2LY, UK
2
Clinical Trials Unit, School of Oral and Dental Sciences, University of Bristol, Lower Maudlin Street, Bristol BS1 2LY, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Barbara Cvikl
Received: 11 May 2016 / Revised: 20 July 2016 / Accepted: 1 August 2016 / Published: 9 August 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [528 KB, uploaded 9 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

To develop an in vitro model to mimic the effects of meals equivalent to a day’s diet on tooth tissue loss (TTL). To identify how diet effects tooth wear and to test the efficacy of dental products designed to reduce tooth wear in a more realistic environment. A typical Friday diet was devised comprising: Breakfast then brushing, lunch, dinner then brushing. Groups of enamel samples were exposed to one meal, or all three in series, a control group was exposed to water and brushed. The daily cycle was repeated to represent two days’ consumption; TTL was quantified by non-contact profilometry. This pilot study highlighted adaptions that could be made to the model such as human enamel and saliva to further replicate natural eating habits. The sum of the TTL measured after Breakfast, lunch and dinner (bovine enamel specimens exposed to single meals) was less than that exhibited by the group of samples exposed to the series of meals but this difference was not significant (p = 0.09).In the absence and presence of brushing, TTL caused by breakfast and dinner was similar, but significantly greater than that caused by lunch (p < 0.05). While brushing increased TTL, this increase was not significant. It is possible to model a daily diet in vitro, and the data obtained confirms that the combination of food and drink affects the degree of TTL. This supports the further development of an in vitro model that includes alternative foodstuffs. This would aid understanding of the effects different diets have on TTL and could test new products designed to prevent TTL. View Full-Text
Keywords: erosion; daily diet; tooth tissue loss erosion; daily diet; tooth tissue loss
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Forbes-Haley, C.; Jones, S.B.; Davies, M.; West, N.X. Establishing the Effect of Brushing and a Day’s Diet on Tooth Tissue Loss in Vitro. Dent. J. 2016, 4, 25.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Dent. J. EISSN 2304-6767 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top