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Inorganics 2016, 4(4), 37; doi:10.3390/inorganics4040037

Structural Classification of Quasi-One-Dimensional Ternary Nitrides

School of Mathematics and Physical Science—Chemistry, and G.W. Gray Centre for Advanced Materials, University of Hull, Cottingham Road, Hull HU6 7RX, UK
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Academic Editor: Rainer Niewa
Received: 29 September 2016 / Revised: 8 November 2016 / Accepted: 11 November 2016 / Published: 30 November 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Solid-State Nitride Materials)
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Abstract

This review focuses on the crystal structural features of ternary (mixed-metal) quasi-one-dimensional nitrides i.e., nitrides containing (cation-N3−) coordination polyhedra sharing either corners, edges, or faces, arranged in linear chains, and intercalated by a counter ion. The current relevance of these nitrides, and of quasi-one-dimensional compounds in general, lies in the fact that they are closely related to the pure one-dimensional systems (i.e., nanowires), which are vastly researched for their amazing properties closely related to their low dimensionality. A number of these properties were firstly discovered in quasi-one-dimensional compounds, highlighting the importance of expanding knowledge and research in this area. Furthermore, unlike oxides, nitrides and other non-oxide compounds are less developed, hence more difficult to categorise into structural classes that can then be related to other classes of compounds, leading to a fuller picture of structure–properties relationship. Within this context, this review aims to categorise and describe a number of ternary (mixed-metal) quasi-one-dimensional nitrides according to their structural features, specifically, the polyhedra forming the one-dimensional chains. View Full-Text
Keywords: nitrides; low-dimensional solids; mixed-metal compounds nitrides; low-dimensional solids; mixed-metal compounds
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Headspith, D.A.; Francesconi, M.G. Structural Classification of Quasi-One-Dimensional Ternary Nitrides. Inorganics 2016, 4, 37.

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