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Math. Comput. Appl. 2017, 22(1), 12; doi:10.3390/mca22010012

Game Analysis of Low Carbonization for Urban Logistics Service Systems

1
Department of Economics and Management, Institute of Disaster Prevention Science and Technology, Beijing 101601, China
2
Business School, Hebei University of Economics and Business, Shijiazhuang 050061, Hebei Province, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fazal M. Mahomed
Received: 24 September 2016 / Revised: 15 January 2017 / Accepted: 16 January 2017 / Published: 22 January 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [217 KB, uploaded 22 January 2017]

Abstract

To improve carbon efficiency for an urban logistics service system composed of a third-party logistics service provider (3PL) and an e-business enterprise, a low-carbon operation game between them was studied. Considering low carbon technology investment cost and sales expansion effect of low carbon level, profit functions for both players were constituted. Based on their different bargaining capabilities, in total, five types of game scenarios were designed. Through analytical solution, Nash Equilibria under different scenarios were obtained. By analyzing these equilibria, four major propositions were given, in which some key variables and the system performance indexes were compared. Results show that the best system yields could only be achieved under the fully cooperative situation. Limited cooperation only for carbon emission reduction does not benefit the system performance improvement. E-business enterprise-leading game’s performance overtook 3PL-leading ones. View Full-Text
Keywords: third-party logistics service provider; e-business enterprise; low carbonization; game theory; Nash Equilibria third-party logistics service provider; e-business enterprise; low carbonization; game theory; Nash Equilibria
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Guo, J.; Ma, S. Game Analysis of Low Carbonization for Urban Logistics Service Systems. Math. Comput. Appl. 2017, 22, 12.

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