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Separations 2017, 4(3), 23; doi:10.3390/separations4030023

Trends in Microextraction-Based Methods for the Determination of Sulfonamides in Milk

Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki GR 54124, Greece
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Frank L. Dorman
Received: 1 May 2017 / Revised: 6 June 2017 / Accepted: 12 June 2017 / Published: 23 June 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Microextraction Techniques for Sample Preparation)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1038 KB, uploaded 23 June 2017]   |  


Sulfonamides (SAs) represent a significant category of pharmaceutical compounds due to their effective antimicrobial characteristics. SAs were the first antibiotics to be used in clinical medicine to treat a majority of diseases, since the 1900s. In the dairy farming industry, sulfa drugs are administered to prevent infection, in several countries. This increases the possibility that residual drugs could pass through milk consumption even at low levels. These traces of SAs will be detected and quantified in milk. Therefore, microextraction techniques must be developed to quantify antibiotic residues, taking into consideration the terms of Green Analytical Chemistry as well. View Full-Text
Keywords: sulfonamides; determination; extraction; microextraction; milk; green analytical chemistry sulfonamides; determination; extraction; microextraction; milk; green analytical chemistry

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Kechagia, M.; Samanidou, V. Trends in Microextraction-Based Methods for the Determination of Sulfonamides in Milk. Separations 2017, 4, 23.

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