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Separations 2017, 4(2), 20; doi:10.3390/separations4020020

Fabric Sol–gel Phase Sorptive Extraction Technique: A Review

Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
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Academic Editor: Janusz Pawliszyn
Received: 5 January 2017 / Revised: 15 May 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2017 / Published: 24 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Trends in Microextraction Techniques for Sample Preparation)
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Abstract

Since the introduction in 2014 of fabric phase sorptive extraction (FPSE) as a sample preparation technique, it has attracted the attention of many scientists working in the field of separation science. This novel sorbent extraction technique has successfully utilized the benefits of sol–gel derived hybrid sorbents and a plethora of fabric substrates, resulting in a highly efficient, sensitive and green sample pretreatment methodology. The proposed procedure is an easy and efficient pathway to extract target analytes from different matrices providing inherent advantages such as high sample loading capacity and short pretreatment time. The present review mainly focuses on the background and sol–gel chemistry for the preparation of new fabric sorbents as well as on the applications of FPSE for extracting target analytes, from the time that it was first introduced. New modes of FPSE including stir FPSE, stir-bar FPSE, dynamic FPSE, and automated on-line FPSE are also highlighted and commented upon in detail. FPSE has been effectively applied for the determination of various organic and inorganic analytes in different types of environmental and biological samples in high throughput analytical, environmental, and toxicological laboratories. View Full-Text
Keywords: fabric phase sorptive extraction; sample preparation; sol–gel; chromatography; automation; solid phase extraction; atomic spectrometry fabric phase sorptive extraction; sample preparation; sol–gel; chromatography; automation; solid phase extraction; atomic spectrometry
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Kazantzi, V.; Anthemidis, A. Fabric Sol–gel Phase Sorptive Extraction Technique: A Review. Separations 2017, 4, 20.

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