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Separations 2016, 3(2), 11; doi:10.3390/separations3020011

General Solution of the Extended Plate Model Including Diffusion, Slow Transfer Kinetics and Extra-Column Effects for Isocratic Chromatographic Elution

Departament de Química Analítica, Universitat de València, c/Dr. Moliner 50, 46100 Burjassot, Spain
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Academic Editor: Frank L. Dorman
Received: 24 November 2015 / Revised: 4 March 2016 / Accepted: 11 March 2016 / Published: 1 April 2016
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Abstract

The plate model proposed by Martin and Synge has been used for the characterization of columns up-to-date. In this approach, the column is divided into a large number (N) of identical theoretical plates. Mobile phase transference between plates takes place in infinitesimal steps with mixing of the solutions in the adjacent plates during the flow. The plate height is related to the band broadening that occurs in the mixing process due to the microscopic heterogeneities in the mobile phase flow. According to the original Martin and Synge model, solutes reach the equilibrium instantaneously in each theoretical plate, where dispersion is produced by: (i) convection or mixing of the mobile phase reaching a theoretical plate with that existing in that plate; and (ii) the equilibrium of the solute that is partitioned between mobile phase and stationary phase. In this work, a general method is proposed to solve the problem of chromatographic elution by means of an extended plate model assuming slow mass transfer, longitudinal diffusion in both mobile phase and stationary phase, and the extra column dispersion. The final equation was validated by comparing the results with those obtained through the numerical simulation of the solute migration using the finite differential approach. Experimental data were also used to check the validity of the derived equations. View Full-Text
Keywords: liquid chromatography; peak profile; slow mass transfer; longitudinal diffusion; extra-column dispersion; extended plate model; Laplace transform liquid chromatography; peak profile; slow mass transfer; longitudinal diffusion; extra-column dispersion; extended plate model; Laplace transform
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Baeza-Baeza, J.J.; García-Álvarez-Coque, M.C. General Solution of the Extended Plate Model Including Diffusion, Slow Transfer Kinetics and Extra-Column Effects for Isocratic Chromatographic Elution. Separations 2016, 3, 11.

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