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Processes 2018, 6(9), 166; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6090166

Basic Dye Removal with Sorption onto Low-Cost Natural Textile Fibers

1
Hephaestus Advanced Laboratory, Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology, GR 65404 Kavala, Greece
2
Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, GR 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 August 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 September 2018 / Published: 14 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wastewater Treatment Processes)
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Abstract

Over the last several years, the trend of researchers has been to use some very low-cost materials as adsorbents. For this purpose, some already commercially used bast fibers were selected as potential adsorbent materials to remove basic dye from synthetic effluents. The adsorption of basic yellow 37 dye was studied using three different bast fibers under the names of flax, ramie, and kenaf. Their morphological structure was examined using several techniques such as scanning electron microscopy (SEM), crystallinity, X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), as well as those characterizations being a useful tool to propose a mechanism of the whole adsorption process. The adsorption evaluation was achieved by studying at first the pH (12) and temperature effects (25–55 °C). Two isotherm models (Langmuir and Freundlich) were also applied to the experimental equilibrium data revealing the superiority of ramie fibers (327, 435, and 460 mg·g−1 (25 °C) for kenaf, flax, and ramie, respectively). The crucial adsorbent’s dosage was found to be 0.1 g per litre for all fibers, while the completed desorption study (eluant’s pH and reuse cycles) also confirmed the strong potential of these kinds of fibers as adsorbents. The latter may be attributed to the cellulosic content. View Full-Text
Keywords: fibers; dyes; sorption; reuse; equilibrium; characterization fibers; dyes; sorption; reuse; equilibrium; characterization
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Kyzas, G.Z.; Christodoulou, E.; Bikiaris, D.N. Basic Dye Removal with Sorption onto Low-Cost Natural Textile Fibers. Processes 2018, 6, 166.

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