Next Article in Journal
Integration of Process Modeling, Design, and Optimization with an Experimental Study of a Solar-Driven Humidification and Dehumidification Desalination System
Next Article in Special Issue
Recent Advance on Draw Solutes Development in Forward Osmosis
Previous Article in Journal
Systematic and Model-Assisted Process Design for the Extraction and Purification of Artemisinin from Artemisia annua L.—Part I: Conceptual Process Design and Cost Estimation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dopamine Incorporated Forward Osmosis Membranes with High Structural Stability and Chlorine Resistance
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Processes 2018, 6(9), 162; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr6090162

Photocatalytic Membranes in Photocatalytic Membrane Reactors

1
Department of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, University of Calabria, Via P. Bucci, 44/A, I-87036 Rende (CS), Italy
2
Institute on Membrane Technology (ITM), National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Via P. Bucci Cubo 17C, I-87036 Rende (CS), Italy
3
Center of Excellence in Desalination Technology, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80200, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 August 2018 / Revised: 30 August 2018 / Accepted: 5 September 2018 / Published: 7 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Membrane Technologies for Traditional Industrial Processes)
Full-Text   |   PDF [2229 KB, uploaded 7 September 2018]   |  

Abstract

The present work gives a critical overview of the recent progresses and new perspectives in the field of photocatalytic membranes (PMs) in photocatalytic membrane reactors (PMRs), thus highlighting the main advantages and the still existing limitations for large scale applications in the perspective of a sustainable growth. The classification of the PMRs is mainly based on the location of the photocatalyst with respect to the membranes and distinguished in: (i) PMRs with photocatalyst solubilized or suspended in solution and (ii) PMRs with photocatalyst immobilized in/on a membrane (i.e., a PM). The main factors affecting the two types of PMRs are deeply discussed. A multidisciplinary approach for the progress of research in PMs and PMRs is presented starting from selected case studies. A special attention is dedicated to PMRs employing dispersed TiO2 confined in the reactor by a membrane for wastewater treatment. Moreover, the design and development of efficient photocatalytic membranes by the heterogenization of polyoxometalates in/on polymeric membranes is discussed for applications in environmental friendly advanced oxidation processes and fine chemical synthesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: photocatalytic membrane reactors; photocatalytic membrane; fine chemistry; wastewater treatment photocatalytic membrane reactors; photocatalytic membrane; fine chemistry; wastewater treatment
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Argurio, P.; Fontananova, E.; Molinari, R.; Drioli, E. Photocatalytic Membranes in Photocatalytic Membrane Reactors. Processes 2018, 6, 162.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Processes EISSN 2227-9717 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top