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Processes 2014, 2(4), 694-710; doi:10.3390/pr2040694

Energy Considerations for Plasma-Assisted N-Fixation Reactions

1
Laboratory of Chemical Reactor Engineering/Micro Flow Chemistry and Process Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
2
Innovation Management, Verfahrenstechnik & Engineering, Evonik Industries AG, Rodenbacher Chaussee 4, 63457 Hanau-Wolfgang, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 February 2014 / Revised: 27 June 2014 / Accepted: 22 July 2014 / Published: 26 September 2014
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Abstract

In a time of increasing concerns about the immense energy consumption and poor environmental performance of contemporary processes in the chemical industry, there is great need to develop novel sustainable technologies that enhance energy efficiency. There is abundant chemical literature on process innovations (laboratory-scale) around the plasma reactor itself, which, naturally, is the essential part to be intensified to achieve a satisfactory process. In essence, a plasma process needs attention beyond reaction engineering towards the process integration side and also with strong electrical engineering focus. In this mini-review, we have detailed our future focus on the process and energy intensification of plasma-based N-fixation. Three focal points are mainly stressed throughout the review: (I) the integration of renewable energy; (II) the power supply system of plasma reactors and (III) process design of industrial plasma-assisted nitrogen fixation. These different enabling strategies will be set in a holistic and synergetic picture so as to improve process performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: process intensification; plasma; holistic process design; energy efficiency process intensification; plasma; holistic process design; energy efficiency
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Anastasopoulou, A.; Wang, Q.; Hessel, V.; Lang, J. Energy Considerations for Plasma-Assisted N-Fixation Reactions. Processes 2014, 2, 694-710.

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