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Children 2018, 5(7), 95; https://doi.org/10.3390/children5070095

Review of Short-Form Questions for the Evaluation of a Diet, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behaviour Intervention in a Community Program Targeting Vulnerable Australian Children

1
Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, 75 East St, Lidcombe, NSW 2141, Australia
2
Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2005, Australia
3
Sydney School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
4
Centre for Rural and Remote Mental Health, The University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia
5
Hunter New England Local Health District, Locked Bag 1, New Lambton, NSW 2305, Australia
6
NSW Office of Preventive Health, Liverpool, NSW 1871, Australia
7
Western Sydney Local Health District, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 June 2018 / Revised: 28 June 2018 / Accepted: 2 July 2018 / Published: 13 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour in Children and Adolescents)
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Abstract

Childhood obesity is associated with low socioeconomic status in developed countries, and community programs can deliver cost-effective obesity interventions to vulnerable children and adolescents at scale. Evaluating these programs in a low-cost, time-efficient, and culturally appropriate way with valid and reliable measures is essential to determining their effectiveness. We aimed to identify existing valid and reliable short-form instruments (≤50 items for diet, ≤15 items for physical activity) suitable for the assessment of change in diet, physical activity, and sedentary behaviour in an Australian obesity intervention program for children and adolescents aged 7–13 years from low socioeconomic groups, with a focus on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. Relevant electronic databases were searched, with a focus on Australian literature. Validity and/or reliability studies using diet instruments (5), physical activity/sedentary behaviour instruments (12), and diet and physical activity/sedentary behaviour instruments used with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (3) children were identified. Seven questions on diet, one question on physical activity, and no questions on sedentary behaviour were recommended. These questions can be used for evaluation in community-based obesity programs among Australian children and adolescents, including those from low socioeconomic groups and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children. View Full-Text
Keywords: child; adolescent; Australian Aborigine; low-income populations; diet; physical activity; sedentary behaviour; questionnaires; obesity; community program child; adolescent; Australian Aborigine; low-income populations; diet; physical activity; sedentary behaviour; questionnaires; obesity; community program
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Gifford, J.A.; Gwynn, J.D.; Hardy, L.L.; Turner, N.; Henderson, L.C.; Innes-Hughes, C.; Flood, V.M. Review of Short-Form Questions for the Evaluation of a Diet, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Behaviour Intervention in a Community Program Targeting Vulnerable Australian Children. Children 2018, 5, 95.

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