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Children 2017, 4(4), 21; doi:10.3390/children4040021

Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Massage in Preterm Infants

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal & Developmental Medicine, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA
Received: 1 February 2017 / Revised: 14 March 2017 / Accepted: 27 March 2017 / Published: 3 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mind-Body Medicine in Children and Adolescents)
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Abstract

Preterm birth affects about 10% of infants born in the United States. Massage therapy is being used in some neonatal intensive care units for its potential beneficial effects on preterm infants. This article reviews published randomized controlled trials on the effects of massage in preterm infants. Most studies evaluating the effect of massage in weight gain in premature infants suggest a positive effect on weight gain. Increase in vagal tone has been reported in infants who receive massage and has been suggested as a possible mechanism for improved weight gain. More studies are needed on the underlying mechanisms of the effects of massage therapy on weight gain in preterm infants. While some trials suggest improvements in developmental scores, decreased stress behavior, positive effects on immune system, improved pain tolerance and earlier discharge from the hospital, the number of such studies is small and further evidence is needed. Further studies, including randomized controlled trials, are needed on the effects of massage in preterm infants. View Full-Text
Keywords: infant massage; preterm; premature; newborn; neonate; weight gain; hyperbilirubinemia; mind–body; randomized controlled trial; tactile‐kinesthetic stimulation infant massage; preterm; premature; newborn; neonate; weight gain; hyperbilirubinemia; mind–body; randomized controlled trial; tactile‐kinesthetic stimulation
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Niemi, A.-K. Review of Randomized Controlled Trials of Massage in Preterm Infants. Children 2017, 4, 21.

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