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Children 2017, 4(11), 96; https://doi.org/10.3390/children4110096

Risk and Resilience Factors Related to Parental Bereavement Following the Death of a Child with a Life-Limiting Condition

1
Department of Pain and Palliative Care, Sydney Children’s Hospital, Randwick NSW 2031, Australia
2
School of Women’s and Children’s Health, University of New South Wales, Kensington NSW 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 August 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 31 October 2017 / Published: 9 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Palliative Care)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [645 KB, uploaded 10 November 2017]   |  

Abstract

This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on risk and resilience factors impacting on parental bereavement outcomes following the death of a child with a life-limiting condition. Over the past few decades, bereavement research has focussed primarily on a risk-based approach. In light of advances in the literature on resilience, the authors propose a Risk and Resilience Model of Parental Bereavement, thus endeavouring to give more holistic consideration to a range of potential influences on parental bereavement outcomes. The literature will be reviewed with regard to the role of: (i) loss-oriented stressors (e.g., circumstances surrounding the death and multiple losses); (ii) inter-personal factors (e.g., marital factors, social support, and religious practices); (iii) intra-personal factors (e.g., neuroticism, trait optimism, psychological flexibility, attachment style, and gender); and (iv) coping and appraisal, on parental bereavement outcomes. Challenges facing this area of research are discussed, and research and clinical implications considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: bereavement; palliative care; parents; risk factors; resilience factors bereavement; palliative care; parents; risk factors; resilience factors
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Jaaniste, T.; Coombs, S.; Donnelly, T.J.; Kelk, N.; Beston, D. Risk and Resilience Factors Related to Parental Bereavement Following the Death of a Child with a Life-Limiting Condition. Children 2017, 4, 96.

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