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Children 2015, 2(1), 78-88; doi:10.3390/children2010078

Sleep and Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Review of Current Evidence and Environmental Non-Pharmacological Interventions

Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Alberta, 2-64 Corbett Hall, Edmonton, AB T6G2G4, Canada
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sari Acra
Received: 25 November 2014 / Revised: 5 February 2015 / Accepted: 13 February 2015 / Published: 27 February 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [219 KB, uploaded 27 February 2015]

Abstract

Between 23%–46% of children with cerebral palsy experience sleep problems. Many of the sensory-motor and cognitive features of cerebral palsy (such as immobility, pain, and seizures) act as predisposing factors for sleep problems in this population. This paper presents the background related to the etiology and consequences of sleep problems in children with cerebral palsy. The relationship between pain and sleep is emphasized, as the risk of pain is highly prevalent in children with cerebral palsy. The review concludes with a discussion of the evidence-base for environmental non-pharmacological interventions based on light, temperature, sound and bedding to promote sleep for children with cerebral palsy. View Full-Text
Keywords: sleep; children; cerebral palsy; environment; light; sound; bedding; temperature sleep; children; cerebral palsy; environment; light; sound; bedding; temperature
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Dutt, R.; Roduta-Roberts, M.; Brown, C.A. Sleep and Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Review of Current Evidence and Environmental Non-Pharmacological Interventions. Children 2015, 2, 78-88.

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