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Children 2014, 1(2), 134-148; doi:10.3390/children1020134

Acupuncture for Pediatric Pain

1
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Pediatric Anesthesiology, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Dr. Stanford, CA 94304, USA
2
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Stanford University, 750 Welch Road, Suite 116, Palo Alto CA 94304, USA
3
Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Pediatric Anesthesiology, Stanford University, 300 Pasteur Dr. Stanford, CA 94304, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 7 June 2014 / Revised: 14 July 2014 / Accepted: 7 August 2014 / Published: 21 August 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pediatric Integrative Medicine: An Emerging Field of Pediatrics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [189 KB, uploaded 21 August 2014]

Abstract

Chronic pain is a growing problem in children, with prevalence as high as 30.8%. Acupuncture has been found to be useful in many chronic pain conditions, and may be of clinical value in a multidisciplinary treatment program. The basic principles of acupuncture are reviewed, as well as studies exploring basic mechanisms of acupuncture and clinical efficacy. Conditions commonly treated in the pediatric pain clinic, including headache, abdominal pain, fibromyalgia, juvenile arthritis, complex regional pain syndrome, cancer pain, as well as perioperative pain studies are reviewed and discussed. Areas in need of further research are identified, and procedural aspects of acupuncture practice and safety studies are reviewed. Acupuncture can be an effective adjuvant in the care of pediatric patients with painful conditions, both in a chronic and an acute setting. Further studies, including randomized controlled trials, as well as trials of comparative effectiveness are needed. View Full-Text
Keywords: acupuncture; pediatric; pain; integrative medicine; review; acupressure; laser acupuncture acupuncture; pediatric; pain; integrative medicine; review; acupressure; laser acupuncture
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Golianu, B.; Yeh, A.M.; Brooks, M. Acupuncture for Pediatric Pain. Children 2014, 1, 134-148.

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