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Children 2014, 1(1), 31-39; doi:10.3390/children1010031

Artificial Sweetened Beverages and Pediatric Obesity: The Controversy Continues

Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
Received: 4 February 2014 / Revised: 2 April 2014 / Accepted: 15 May 2014 / Published: 28 May 2014
(This article belongs to the collection Controversies in Pediatric Digestive Diseases)
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The pediatric obesity epidemic has gathered public and political interest recently. People often choose “diet” or artificial sweetened beverages (ASB) to combat this epidemic, but the obesity incidence continues to rise. First, I review the pediatric studies on the effect of ASB consumption with subsequent food intake. Next, I present pediatric studies of chronic ASB consumption and weight change. Some epidemiologic pediatric studies have supported an association between artificial sweetener use and increased BMI but cannot prove causation. Randomized control trials have provided some evidence of weight loss with ASB ingestion among children, but study limitations may minimize these conclusions. Finally, I summarize the possible mechanisms that may drive potential effects of artificial sweeteners.
Keywords: artificial sweetener; weight gain; obesity; pediatrics artificial sweetener; weight gain; obesity; pediatrics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Freswick, P.N. Artificial Sweetened Beverages and Pediatric Obesity: The Controversy Continues. Children 2014, 1, 31-39.

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