Photonic Crystal-Based Sensing and Imaging of Potassium Ions
AbstractWe report on a method for selective optical sensing and imaging of potassium ions using a sandwich assembly composed of layers of photonic crystals and an ion-selective membrane. This represents a new scheme for sensing ions in that an ionic strength-sensitive photonic crystal hydrogel layer is combined with a K+-selective membrane. The latter consists of plasticized poly(vinyl chloride) doped with the K+-selective ion carrier, valinomycin. The film has a red color if immersed into plain water, but is green in 5 mM KCl and purple at KCl concentrations of 100 mM or higher. This 3D photonic crystal sensor responds to K+ ions in the 1 to 50 mM concentration range (which includes the K+ concentration range encountered in blood) and shows high selectivity over ammonium and sodium ions. Sensor films were also imaged with a digital camera by exploiting the RGB technique. View Full-Text
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Fenzl, C.; Kirchinger, M.; Hirsch, T.; Wolfbeis, O.S. Photonic Crystal-Based Sensing and Imaging of Potassium Ions. Chemosensors 2014, 2, 207-218.
Fenzl C, Kirchinger M, Hirsch T, Wolfbeis OS. Photonic Crystal-Based Sensing and Imaging of Potassium Ions. Chemosensors. 2014; 2(3):207-218.Chicago/Turabian Style
Fenzl, Christoph; Kirchinger, Michael; Hirsch, Thomas; Wolfbeis, Otto S. 2014. "Photonic Crystal-Based Sensing and Imaging of Potassium Ions." Chemosensors 2, no. 3: 207-218.