Electrochemical Detection with Preconcentration: Nitroenergetic Contaminants
AbstractThis effort evaluated the potential of two prototype devices for enhanced electrochemical detection of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and dinitrotoluene (DNT) following preconcentration using an organosilicate sorbent. The bench-scale prototype provides adsorption of the targets from aqueous solution followed by elution in a mixture of methanol and potassium chloride (KCl). Following elution, the eluant is diluted using an aqueous KCl solution to provide sufficient electrolyte for electrochemical analysis. Concentrations of methanol greater than 50% were detrimental to sensor performance and lifetime. Calibration of the electrochemical sensor was completed and results of electrochemical analysis were compared to those of HPLC analysis over a range of concentrations and in varied matrices. TNT detection was found to be consistent and detection limits were improved from 200 ppb to 3 ppb depending on the sample volume utilized. DNT detection showed higher variability and significantly greater false response rates. On the basis of these results, a second, more advanced, prototype was developed and utilized in limited field trials with the intention of moving the technology toward in situ applications. View Full-Text
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Johnson, B.J.; Nasir, M.; Siefert, R.L.; Leska, I.A.; Erickson, J.S.; Charles, P.T.; Melde, B.J.; Taft, J.R. Electrochemical Detection with Preconcentration: Nitroenergetic Contaminants. Chemosensors 2014, 2, 131-144.
Johnson BJ, Nasir M, Siefert RL, Leska IA, Erickson JS, Charles PT, Melde BJ, Taft JR. Electrochemical Detection with Preconcentration: Nitroenergetic Contaminants. Chemosensors. 2014; 2(2):131-144.Chicago/Turabian Style
Johnson, Brandy J.; Nasir, Mansoor; Siefert, Ronald L.; Leska, Iwona A.; Erickson, Jeffrey S.; Charles, Paul T.; Melde, Brian J.; Taft, Jenna R. 2014. "Electrochemical Detection with Preconcentration: Nitroenergetic Contaminants." Chemosensors 2, no. 2: 131-144.