Next Article in Journal
Chronicity and Mental Health Service Utilization for Anxiety, Mood, and Substance Use Disorders among Black Men in the United States; Ethnicity and Nativity Differences
Next Article in Special Issue
Oral Health in Pregnant Chinese Women in Singapore: A Call to Go beyond the Traditional Clinical Care
Previous Article in Journal
Health Disparities Score Composite of Youth and Parent Dyads from an Obesity Prevention Intervention: iCook 4-H
Previous Article in Special Issue
Oral Health Care in Hong Kong
Article Menu
Issue 2 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Healthcare 2018, 6(2), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare6020052

A Comparative Study of Oral Health Status between International and Japanese University Student Patients in Japan

1
Division for Health Service Promotion, the University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan
2
School of Oral Health Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo 113-8549, Japan
3
Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dentistry and Orthodontics, the University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
4
Graduate School of Medicine, the University of Tokyo, Tokyo 113-8655, Japan
5
Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Translational Research (Ministry of Education), Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, Beijing 100142, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 18 May 2018 / Accepted: 20 May 2018 / Published: 22 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Care)
Full-Text   |   PDF [1218 KB, uploaded 22 May 2018]   |  

Abstract

Background: The number of international students enrolled in universities in Japan is increasing. To provide better oral care services for international students, we have to understand their oral environment and dental health behaviors. However, few studies have investigated the oral health status of international university students. The object of the present study was to clarify the current oral status of international university students. Methods: The subjects were students who visited the dental department at the University of Tokyo’s Health Services Center between April 2012 and March 2013. Our medical records were reviewed with regard to the following items: attributes (nationality, gender, and age); chief complaint (reason for visit); history of dental treatment; mean number of decayed (D), missing (M) or filled (F) teeth as a single (DMFT) index; degree of calculus deposition; gingival condition; and oral hygiene status. Results: The records of 554 university students (138 international and 416 non-international students) were analyzed; 88.4% of the 138 international students were from Asian countries (n = 122), of which 47.1% were from China and 10.9% from Korea, followed by North America (5.8%), Europe (4.3%), and Africa (1.5%). Although no significant differences were found regarding the history of dental treatment between international and non-international students (49.3% and 48.8%, respectively), international students had a significantly higher dental caries morbidity rate (60.1%) than non-international students (49.0%). The international students showed a significantly higher DMFT value compared with the non-international students: 5.0 and 4.0 per individual, respectively. Severe calculus deposition was observed in international students compared with non-international students (51.9% and 31.7%, respectively). Conclusions: The international university students had poorer oral health status than the non-international students, even though the result might include many uncertainties and possible biases. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral health; university student; check-up; DMFT oral health; university student; check-up; DMFT
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary material

SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Ohsato, A.; Abe, M.; Ohkubo, K.; Yoshimasu, H.; Zong, L.; Hoshi, K.; Takato, T.; Yanagimoto, S.; Yamamoto, K. A Comparative Study of Oral Health Status between International and Japanese University Student Patients in Japan. Healthcare 2018, 6, 52.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Healthcare EISSN 2227-9032 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top