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Healthcare 2017, 5(4), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare5040074

Biopsychosocial Measures Related to Chronic Low Back Pain Postural Control in Older Adults

Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, TX 76019, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sampath Parthasarathy
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 27 September 2017 / Accepted: 9 October 2017 / Published: 14 October 2017
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Abstract

This study examined the biopsychosocial measures related to postural control in the growing population of older adults (i.e., 60 years and older). The sample of the study consisted of 129 older adults (M = 74.45, SD = 6.95), with 34 males and 95 females; 36 were classified with chronic low-back pain (CLBP), and 93 without chronic low-back pain (NCLBP). Physical and psychosocial constructs were analyzed as predictors for postural control measures. Additionally, gender and classification of low-back pain were examined as moderators for all physical and psychosocial measures. Results demonstrated that physical and psychosocial measures were able to significantly predict composite, visual, and vestibular balance measures, but not somatosensory or preference balance measures. The chair-stand test, modified sit-and-reach test, sleep disturbance, and balance efficacy were all identified as individually significant predictors. Gender and CLBP did not moderate the utility of any predictor variables. Results of the current study re-confirm the importance of utilizing the biopsychosocial approach for future research examining postural control in older adults. View Full-Text
Keywords: biopsychosocial; older adults; physical; postural control; balance biopsychosocial; older adults; physical; postural control; balance
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Hulla, R.; Gatchel, R.J.; Liegey-Dougall, A. Biopsychosocial Measures Related to Chronic Low Back Pain Postural Control in Older Adults. Healthcare 2017, 5, 74.

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