Social Determinants and Poor Diet Quality of Energy-Dense Diets of Australian Young Adults
AbstractThis research aimed to determine the diet quality and socio-demographic determinants by level of energy-density of diets of Australian young adults. Secondary analysis of the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey-2011/2012 for adults aged 18–34 years (n = 2397) was conducted. Diet was assessed by 24-h recalls. Dietary energy-density was calculated as dietary energy/grams of food (kJ/g) and the Healthy-Eating-Index-for-Australians (HEIFA-2013) was used to assess diet quality (highest score = 100). Dietary energy-density was examined with respect to diet quality and sociodemographic determinants including gender, highest tertiary-education attainment, country-of-birth, age, income, and socio-economic-index-for-area (SEIFA). Higher dietary energy-density was associated with lower diet quality scores (β = −3.71, t (2394) = −29.29, p < 0.0001) and included fewer fruits and vegetables, and more discretionary foods. The mean dietary energy-density was 7.7 kJ/g and 7.2 kJ/g for men and women, respectively. Subpopulations most at risk of consuming high energy-dense diets included those with lower education, Australian and English-speaking countries of birth, and men with low income and women from areas of lower socio-economic status. Young adults reporting low energy-dense diets had higher quality diets. Intensive efforts are needed to reduce the high energy-density of young adults’ diets, and should ensure they include populations of lower socio-economic status. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Grech, A.; Rangan, A.; Allman-Farinelli, M. Social Determinants and Poor Diet Quality of Energy-Dense Diets of Australian Young Adults. Healthcare 2017, 5, 70.
Grech A, Rangan A, Allman-Farinelli M. Social Determinants and Poor Diet Quality of Energy-Dense Diets of Australian Young Adults. Healthcare. 2017; 5(4):70.Chicago/Turabian Style
Grech, Amanda; Rangan, Anna; Allman-Farinelli, Margaret. 2017. "Social Determinants and Poor Diet Quality of Energy-Dense Diets of Australian Young Adults." Healthcare 5, no. 4: 70.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.