Next Article in Journal
Near Retirement Age (≥55 Years) Self-Reported Physical Symptoms and Use of Computers/Mobile Phones at Work and at Leisure
Next Article in Special Issue
The Geography of the Alzheimer’s Disease Mortality in Spain: Should We Focus on Industrial Pollutants Prevention?
Previous Article in Journal
What Else? The Basics and Beyond for Effective Consultations with Youth with Special Healthcare Needs
Previous Article in Special Issue
Student Perceptions and Acceptance of Mobile Technology in an Undergraduate Nursing Program
Article Menu
Issue 4 (December) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Healthcare 2017, 5(4), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare5040070

Social Determinants and Poor Diet Quality of Energy-Dense Diets of Australian Young Adults

Nutrition and Dietetics Group, The School of Life and Environmental Science, The Charles Perkins Centre D17, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Cristian Lieneck
Received: 31 August 2017 / Revised: 26 September 2017 / Accepted: 27 September 2017 / Published: 1 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Population Health Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [692 KB, uploaded 26 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

This research aimed to determine the diet quality and socio-demographic determinants by level of energy-density of diets of Australian young adults. Secondary analysis of the Australian National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey-2011/2012 for adults aged 18–34 years (n = 2397) was conducted. Diet was assessed by 24-h recalls. Dietary energy-density was calculated as dietary energy/grams of food (kJ/g) and the Healthy-Eating-Index-for-Australians (HEIFA-2013) was used to assess diet quality (highest score = 100). Dietary energy-density was examined with respect to diet quality and sociodemographic determinants including gender, highest tertiary-education attainment, country-of-birth, age, income, and socio-economic-index-for-area (SEIFA). Higher dietary energy-density was associated with lower diet quality scores (β = −3.71, t (2394) = −29.29, p < 0.0001) and included fewer fruits and vegetables, and more discretionary foods. The mean dietary energy-density was 7.7 kJ/g and 7.2 kJ/g for men and women, respectively. Subpopulations most at risk of consuming high energy-dense diets included those with lower education, Australian and English-speaking countries of birth, and men with low income and women from areas of lower socio-economic status. Young adults reporting low energy-dense diets had higher quality diets. Intensive efforts are needed to reduce the high energy-density of young adults’ diets, and should ensure they include populations of lower socio-economic status. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary energy density; diet quality; eating index; healthy; obesity; young adult dietary energy density; diet quality; eating index; healthy; obesity; young adult
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Grech, A.; Rangan, A.; Allman-Farinelli, M. Social Determinants and Poor Diet Quality of Energy-Dense Diets of Australian Young Adults. Healthcare 2017, 5, 70.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Healthcare EISSN 2227-9032 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top