Next Article in Journal
Breast Cancer: Exploring the Facts and Holistic Needs during and beyond Treatment
Previous Article in Journal
Microbiota and Particulate Matter Assessment in Portuguese Optical Shops Providing Contact Lens Services
Previous Article in Special Issue
Minerals and Trace Elements Intakes and Food Consumption Patterns of Young Children Living in Rural Areas of Tibet Autonomous Region, P.R. China: A Cross-Sectional Survey
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Healthcare 2017, 5(2), 25; doi:10.3390/healthcare5020025

Linoleic Acid: A Nutritional Quandary

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45237 USA
Academic Editor: Sampath Parthasarathy
Received: 3 April 2017 / Revised: 13 May 2017 / Accepted: 18 May 2017 / Published: 20 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet Quality)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [173 KB, uploaded 22 May 2017]

Abstract

Over the course of the twentieth century, there was a 20-fold increase in consumption of vegetable oils resulting both from their increased availability and from recommendations to consume these oils as an aid to lower blood cholesterol levels. This dietary change markedly increased the consumption of linoleic acid to current levels of approximately 6% of total dietary energy. While considerable research has focused on the effects of dietary linoleic acid on cardiovascular health, questions about optimum dietary levels remain. For example, meta-analyses disagree about the role of dietary linoleic acid in atherosclerosis, and recent publications indicate that linoleic acid’s reduction of blood cholesterol levels does not predict its effect on the development of atherosclerosis. Further, there are also detrimental effects of elevated dietary linoleic acid on human health related to its role in inflammation and its activity as a promoter of cancer in animals. Current data do not allow determination of the level of dietary linoleic acid needed for optimum health. Studies of the effects of a wide range of linoleic acid consumption may help determine dietary recommendations that are optimal for human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: linoleic acid; atherosclerosis; dietary recommendations linoleic acid; atherosclerosis; dietary recommendations
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Jandacek, R.J. Linoleic Acid: A Nutritional Quandary. Healthcare 2017, 5, 25.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Healthcare EISSN 2227-9032 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top