Next Article in Journal
Comparison of Very Low Energy Diet Products Available in Australia and How to Tailor Them to Optimise Protein Content for Younger and Older Adult Men and Women
Previous Article in Journal
Effect of Flavonoids on Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in Adults at Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Revisiting the Corticomotor Plasticity in Low Back Pain: Challenges and Perspectives
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Healthcare 2016, 4(3), 70; doi:10.3390/healthcare4030070

Associations between Trunk Extension Endurance and Isolated Lumbar Extension Strength in Both Asymptomatic Participants and Those with Chronic Low Back Pain

1
School of Sport, Health and Social Sciences, Southampton Solent University, East Park Terrace, Southampton SO14 0YN, UK
2
AECC Clinic, Anglo European College of Chiropractic, Bournemouth BH5 2DF, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert J. Gatchel
Received: 27 May 2016 / Revised: 12 August 2016 / Accepted: 8 September 2016 / Published: 19 September 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Back Pain: Recent Advances And Perspectives)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2239 KB, uploaded 19 September 2016]   |  

Abstract

Background: Strength and endurance tests are important for both clinical practice and research due to the key role they play in musculoskeletal function. In particular, deconditioning of the lumbar extensor musculature has been associated with low back pain (LBP). Due to the relationship between strength and absolute endurance, it is possible that trunk extension (TEX) endurance tests could provide a proxy measure of isolated lumbar extension (ILEX) strength and thus represent a simple, practical alternative to ILEX measurements. Though, the comparability of TEX endurance and ILEX strength is presently unclear and so the aim of the present study was to examine this relationship. Methods: Thirty eight healthy participants and nineteen participants with non-specific chronic LBP and no previous lumbar surgery participated in this cross-sectional study design. TEX endurance was measured using the Biering–Sorensen test. A maximal ILEX strength test was performed on the MedX lumbar-extension machine. Results: A Pearson’s correlation revealed no relationship between TEX endurance and ILEX strength in the combined group (r = 0.035, p = 0.793), the chronic LBP group (r = 0.120, p = 0.623) or the asymptomatic group (r = −0.060, p = 0.720). Conclusions: The results suggest that TEX is not a good indicator of ILEX and cannot be used to infer results regarding ILEX strength. However, a combination of TEX and ILEX interpreted together likely offers the greatest and most comprehensive information regarding lumbo-pelvic function during extension. View Full-Text
Keywords: strength; endurance; isolated lumbar extension; trunk extension; low back pain strength; endurance; isolated lumbar extension; trunk extension; low back pain
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Conway, R.; Behennah, J.; Fisher, J.; Osborne, N.; Steele, J. Associations between Trunk Extension Endurance and Isolated Lumbar Extension Strength in Both Asymptomatic Participants and Those with Chronic Low Back Pain. Healthcare 2016, 4, 70.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Healthcare EISSN 2227-9032 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top