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Healthcare 2016, 4(3), 62; doi:10.3390/healthcare4030062

Concerns about Breast Cancer, Pain, and Fatigue in Non-Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Primary Treatment

1
Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA
2
Sylvester Cancer Center, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Joanne Reid and Helen Noble
Received: 22 June 2016 / Revised: 21 August 2016 / Accepted: 22 August 2016 / Published: 26 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Holistic Needs of Those Living with and beyond Breast Cancer)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [553 KB, uploaded 26 August 2016]   |  

Abstract

Women diagnosed with breast cancer often endorse psychosocial concerns prior to treatment, which may influence symptom experiences. Among these, low perceived social support relates to elevated fatigue. Those with low social support perceptions may also experience a greater sense of rejection. We sought to determine if social rejection concerns post-surgery predict fatigue interference 12 months later in women with non-metastatic breast cancer. Depressive symptoms and pain severity after completion of adjuvant therapy (six months post-surgery) were examined as potential mediators. Women (N = 240) with non-metastatic breast cancer were recruited 2–10 weeks post-surgery. Multiple regression analyses examined relationships among variables adjusting for relevant covariates. Greater rejection concerns at study entry predicted greater fatigue interference 12 months later (p < 0.01). Pain severity after adjuvant therapy partially mediated the relationship between social rejection concerns and fatigue interference, with significant indirect (β = 0.06, 95% CI (0.009, 0.176)) and direct effects (β = 0.18, SE = 0.07, t(146) = 2.78, p < 0.01, 95% CI (0.053, 0.311)). Therefore, pain levels post-treatment may affect how concerns of social rejection relate to subsequent fatigue interference. Interventions targeting fears of social rejection and interpersonal skills early in treatment may reduce physical symptom burden during treatment and into survivorship. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast cancer; depression; social support; rejection; fatigue; pain; survivorship breast cancer; depression; social support; rejection; fatigue; pain; survivorship
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Amiel, C.R.; Fisher, H.M.; Antoni, M.H. Concerns about Breast Cancer, Pain, and Fatigue in Non-Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Primary Treatment. Healthcare 2016, 4, 62.

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