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Healthcare 2016, 4(3), 47; doi:10.3390/healthcare4030047

Immunization of Health-Care Providers: Necessity and Public Health Policies

1
Department for Interventions in Health-Care Facilities, Hellenic Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 3-5 Agrafon Street, Athens 15123, Greece
2
Mayo Clinic Vaccine Research Group, 611C Guggenheim Building, Mayo Clinic and Foundation, 200 First Street, SW Rochester, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Peter A. Leggat and Derek R. Smith
Received: 14 April 2016 / Revised: 22 June 2016 / Accepted: 20 July 2016 / Published: 1 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Issues in the New Millennium)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [208 KB, uploaded 1 August 2016]

Abstract

Health-care providers (HCPs) are at increased risk for exposure to vaccine-preventable diseases (VPDs) in the workplace. The rationale for immunization of HCPs relies on the need to protect them and, indirectly, their patients from health-care-associated VPDs. Published evidence indicates significant immunity gaps for VPDs of HCPs globally. Deficits in knowledge and false perceptions about VPDs and vaccines are the most common barriers for vaccine uptake and may also influence communication about vaccines between HCPs and their patients. Most countries have immunization recommendations for HCPs; however, there are no universal policies and significant heterogeneity exists between countries in terms of vaccines, schedules, frame of implementation (recommendation or mandatory), and target categories of HCPs. Mandatory influenza immunization policies for HCPs have been implemented with high vaccine uptake rates. Stronger recommendations for HCP immunization and commitment at the level of the health-care facility are critical in order to achieve high vaccine coverage rates. Given the importance to health, mandatory immunization policies for VPDs that can cause serious morbidity and mortality to vulnerable patients should be considered. View Full-Text
Keywords: vaccine-preventable diseases; immunization; vaccination; health-care providers; health-care workers; health-care associated; nosocomial; outbreak; occupational risk; policies; mandatory vaccine-preventable diseases; immunization; vaccination; health-care providers; health-care workers; health-care associated; nosocomial; outbreak; occupational risk; policies; mandatory
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Maltezou, H.C.; Poland, G.A. Immunization of Health-Care Providers: Necessity and Public Health Policies. Healthcare 2016, 4, 47.

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