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Healthcare 2016, 4(2), 23; doi:10.3390/healthcare4020023

A Controlled and Retrospective Study of 144 Chronic Low Back Pain Patients to Evaluate the Effectiveness of an Intensive Functional Restoration Program in France

1
Univ. Lille, Univ. Artois, Univ. Littoral Cote d’Opale, EA 7369, Unité de Recherche Pluridisciplinaire Sport Santé Société (URePSSS), F-59000 Lille, France
2
Department of Sports Sciences, University Artois, 62800 Liévin, France
3
Department of Sports Sciences, University Lille, 59790 Ronchin, France
4
Department of Physical Medicine and Readaptation, Functional Re-Education and Rehabilitation Center, “L’Espoir”, 59260 Hellemmes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert J. Gatchel
Received: 29 February 2016 / Revised: 14 April 2016 / Accepted: 19 April 2016 / Published: 27 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Low Back Pain: Recent Advances And Perspectives)
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Abstract

Study Design: A controlled and retrospective study of 144 chronic low back pain patients to evaluate the effectiveness of an intensive functional restoration program in France. Objective: Evaluating the efficiency of an intensive, dynamic and multidisciplinary functional restoration program in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP), during 6 and 12 months follow up. Summary of background data: Chronic low back pain disease has a multifactor nature, involving physical, psychological professional and social factors. A functional restoration program (FRP) has been included in a multidisciplinary training program which provides an efficient therapeutic solution. However, the effectiveness of an FRP has not been yet established. Methods: 144 subjects (71 males, 73 females) with chronic low back pain were included in a functional restoration program. The FRP includes physiotherapy and occupational therapy interventions together with psychological counselling. Patients participated as in- or outpatients 6 h per day, 5 days a week over 5 weeks. Pain intensity, trunk flexibility, trunk strength, lifting ability, quality of life and return to work were recorded before, immediately after, and at 6 months and 12 months after the treatment period. Results: All outcome measures were significantly higher just after the FRP (144 patients) and at 6 and 12 months (from available data in 31 subjects) compared to pre-treatment values. This FRP for chronic low back pain maintained its benefits whatever the patient’s activities. Conclusions: The effects reflected on all outcome measures, both on short and long term follow-up. The multidisciplinary FRP for chronic low back pain patients durably stopped the de-conditioning syndrome and involved new life-style habits for the patient, daily pain management and a return to work. View Full-Text
Keywords: chronic low back pain; functional restoration program; de-conditioning syndrome; short term and long term follow-up chronic low back pain; functional restoration program; de-conditioning syndrome; short term and long term follow-up
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Caby, I.; Olivier, N.; Janik, F.; Vanvelcenaher, J.; Pelayo, P. A Controlled and Retrospective Study of 144 Chronic Low Back Pain Patients to Evaluate the Effectiveness of an Intensive Functional Restoration Program in France. Healthcare 2016, 4, 23.

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