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Open AccessConcept Paper
Healthcare 2015, 3(4), 1054-1063; doi:10.3390/healthcare3041054

From a Reductionist to a Holistic Approach in Preventive Nutrition to Define New and More Ethical Paradigms

Unit of Human Nutrition, Joint Research Unit 1019, Human Nutrition Research Center of Auvergne, French National Institute for Agricultural Research & Clermont University, F-63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
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Academic Editor: Sampath Parthasarathy
Received: 8 September 2015 / Revised: 19 October 2015 / Accepted: 21 October 2015 / Published: 28 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ethics, Health, and Natural Resources)
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Abstract

This concept paper intends to define four new paradigms for improving nutrition research. First, the consequences of applying a reductionist versus a holistic approach to nutrition science will be discussed. The need for a more focused preventive nutrition approach, as opposed to a curative one, will then be presented on the basis of the ‘healthy core metabolism’ concept. This will lead us to propose a new classification of food products based on processing for future epidemiological studies. As a result of applying the holistic approach, health food potential will be redefined based on both food structure and nutrient density. These new paradigms should help define a more ethical preventive nutrition for humans to improve public recommendations while preserving the environment. View Full-Text
Keywords: preventive nutrition; healthy life years; sustainability; reductionism; holism; healthy core metabolism; intervention studies; food ranking; food structure preventive nutrition; healthy life years; sustainability; reductionism; holism; healthy core metabolism; intervention studies; food ranking; food structure
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Fardet, A.; Rock, E. From a Reductionist to a Holistic Approach in Preventive Nutrition to Define New and More Ethical Paradigms. Healthcare 2015, 3, 1054-1063.

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