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Proteomes 2016, 4(1), 13; doi:10.3390/proteomes4010013

Mass Spectrometric Immunoassays in Characterization of Clinically Significant Proteoforms

The Biodesign Institute, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ 85287, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Edwin Lasonder and Jacek R. Wisniewski
Received: 5 January 2016 / Revised: 10 March 2016 / Accepted: 14 March 2016 / Published: 17 March 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Clinical Proteomics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1230 KB, uploaded 17 March 2016]   |  

Abstract

Proteins can exist as multiple proteoforms in vivo, as a result of alternative splicing and single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), as well as posttranslational processing. To address their clinical significance in a context of diagnostic information, proteoforms require a more in-depth analysis. Mass spectrometric immunoassays (MSIA) have been devised for studying structural diversity in human proteins. MSIA enables protein profiling in a simple and high-throughput manner, by combining the selectivity of targeted immunoassays, with the specificity of mass spectrometric detection. MSIA has been used for qualitative and quantitative analysis of single and multiple proteoforms, distinguishing between normal fluctuations and changes related to clinical conditions. This mini review offers an overview of the development and application of mass spectrometric immunoassays for clinical and population proteomics studies. Provided are examples of some recent developments, and also discussed are the trends and challenges in mass spectrometry-based immunoassays for the next-phase of clinical applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: biomarkers; immunoaffinity; mass spectrometry; posttranslational modifications; top-down analysis biomarkers; immunoaffinity; mass spectrometry; posttranslational modifications; top-down analysis
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Trenchevska, O.; Nelson, R.W.; Nedelkov, D. Mass Spectrometric Immunoassays in Characterization of Clinically Significant Proteoforms. Proteomes 2016, 4, 13.

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