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Educ. Sci. 2012, 2(3), 121-135; doi:10.3390/educsci2030121

Global Trends in Civic and Citizenship Education: What are the Lessons for Nation States?

Department of Curriculum and Instruction, Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
Received: 9 March 2012 / Revised: 9 April 2012 / Accepted: 12 June 2012 / Published: 27 June 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Civics and Citizenship in Its Global Context)
Download PDF [308 KB, 5 December 2012; original version 27 June 2012]


Civic and citizenship education is a component of the school curriculum in all nation states. The form it takes, its purposes and the way in which it is implemented differs from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. The pressures of globalization in recent times have meant that citizenship has increasingly come to be seen in global terms brought about by processes such as transnational migration, the homogenization of cultural practices and the development of supranational groupings that often seem to challenge more local versions of citizenship. Despite these pressures, the key responsibility for citizenship continues to rest with nation states. This paper will review issues relating to a more globalized citizenship and outline the strategies that nation states might adopt to ensure they remain capable of creating an active and engaged citizenship.
Keywords: citizenship; civic education; globalization citizenship; civic education; globalization
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Kennedy, K.J. Global Trends in Civic and Citizenship Education: What are the Lessons for Nation States? Educ. Sci. 2012, 2, 121-135.

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