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Technologies 2018, 6(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/technologies6010009

Perspective Preserving Solution for Quasi-Orthoscopic Video See-Through HMDs

Information Engineering Department, University of Pisa, 56122 Pisa, Italy
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Received: 18 December 2017 / Revised: 9 January 2018 / Accepted: 10 January 2018 / Published: 13 January 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Technologies)
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Abstract

In non-orthoscopic video see-through (VST) head-mounted displays (HMDs), depth perception through stereopsis is adversely affected by sources of spatial perception errors. Solutions for parallax-free and orthoscopic VST HMDs were considered to ensure proper space perception but at expenses of an increased bulkiness and weight. In this work, we present a hybrid video-optical see-through HMD the geometry of which explicitly violates the rigorous conditions of orthostereoscopy. For properly recovering natural stereo fusion of the scene within the personal space in a region around a predefined distance from the observer, we partially resolve the eye-camera parallax by warping the camera images through a perspective preserving homography that accounts for the geometry of the VST HMD and refers to such distance. For validating our solution; we conducted objective and subjective tests. The goal of the tests was to assess the efficacy of our solution in recovering natural depth perception in the space around said reference distance. The results obtained showed that the quasi-orthoscopic setting of the HMD; together with the perspective preserving image warping; allow the recovering of a correct perception of the relative depths. The perceived distortion of space around the reference plane proved to be not as severe as predicted by the mathematical models. View Full-Text
Keywords: video see-through head-mounted displays; orthoscopy; perspective-preserving homography; stereo fusion video see-through head-mounted displays; orthoscopy; perspective-preserving homography; stereo fusion
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Cutolo, F.; Fontana, U.; Ferrari, V. Perspective Preserving Solution for Quasi-Orthoscopic Video See-Through HMDs. Technologies 2018, 6, 9.

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