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Technologies 2017, 5(3), 54; doi:10.3390/technologies5030054

A Conceptual Framework for Implementing a WSN Based Cattle Recovery System in Case of Cattle Rustling in Kenya

School of Science and Technology, United States International University, 14634-00800 Nairobi, Kenya
Received: 26 June 2017 / Revised: 28 August 2017 / Accepted: 28 August 2017 / Published: 31 August 2017
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Abstract

This study proposes a framework for remote identification and tracking of cattle movement based on wireless sensor networks (WSN), mobile communication, and unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs). The proposed framework can be implemented for tracking cattle movement at the village level and extended to harsh terrain when recovering stolen animals in case of cattle rustling or theft. The system works by identifying and tracking the desired animal location and sending periodic location data at regular intervals to a database as well as availing the specific animal’s current location on demand through the Internet and text messages. The proposed cattle tracking and recovery system (CTRS) consists of a rumen sensor module, a WSN control unit, a Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX) gateway, WiMAX base stations, and a data center. Availing timely information about the location of the stolen animals could facilitate quick recovery of the animals while ensuring the safety of the security personnel involved in the recovery process. Speedy recovery of stolen animals also defeats the purpose of cattle rustling as the rustlers do not have the chance to use the animals for their intended purposes. The proposed system was tested through a MATLAB simulation experiment. View Full-Text
Keywords: wireless sensor network; mobile communication; cattle tracking; cattle rustling wireless sensor network; mobile communication; cattle tracking; cattle rustling
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Wamuyu, P.K. A Conceptual Framework for Implementing a WSN Based Cattle Recovery System in Case of Cattle Rustling in Kenya. Technologies 2017, 5, 54.

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