Designing Closed-Loop Brain-Machine Interfaces Using Model Predictive Control†
AbstractBrain-machine interfaces (BMIs) are broadly defined as systems that establish direct communications between living brain tissue and external devices, such as artificial arms. By sensing and interpreting neuronal activities to actuate an external device, BMI-based neuroprostheses hold great promise in rehabilitating motor disabled subjects, such as amputees. In this paper, we develop a control-theoretic analysis of a BMI-based neuroprosthetic system for voluntary single joint reaching task in the absence of visual feedback. Using synthetic data obtained through the simulation of an experimentally validated psycho-physiological cortical circuit model, both the Wiener filter and the Kalman filter based linear decoders are developed. We analyze the performance of both decoders in the presence and in the absence of natural proprioceptive feedback information. By performing simulations, we show that the performance of both decoders degrades significantly in the absence of the natural proprioception. To recover the performance of these decoders, we propose two problems, namely tracking the desired position trajectory and tracking the firing rate trajectory of neurons which encode the proprioception, in the model predictive control framework to design optimal artificial sensory feedback. Our results indicate that while the position trajectory based design can only recover the position and velocity trajectories, the firing rate trajectory based design can recover the performance of the motor task along with the recovery of firing rates in other cortical regions. Finally, we extend our design by incorporating a network of spiking neurons and designing artificial sensory feedback in the form of a charged balanced biphasic stimulating current. View Full-Text
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Kumar, G.; Kothare, M.V.; Thakor, N.V.; Schieber, M.H.; Pan, H.; Ding, B.; Zhong, W. Designing Closed-Loop Brain-Machine Interfaces Using Model Predictive Control. Technologies 2016, 4, 18.
Kumar G, Kothare MV, Thakor NV, Schieber MH, Pan H, Ding B, Zhong W. Designing Closed-Loop Brain-Machine Interfaces Using Model Predictive Control. Technologies. 2016; 4(2):18.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kumar, Gautam; Kothare, Mayuresh V.; Thakor, Nitish V.; Schieber, Marc H.; Pan, Hongguang; Ding, Baocang; Zhong, Weimin. 2016. "Designing Closed-Loop Brain-Machine Interfaces Using Model Predictive Control." Technologies 4, no. 2: 18.