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Int. J. Financial Stud. 2017, 5(4), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijfs5040025

Explaining the Number of Social Media Fans for North American and European Professional Sports Clubs with Determinants of Their Financial Value

1
Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK
2
Faculty of Sports Sciences, University of Caen Normandie, Caen 14032 CEDEX, France
3
Faculty of Economics, University of Poitiers, Poitiers 86073 CEDEX 9, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nicholas Apergis
Received: 12 September 2017 / Revised: 17 October 2017 / Accepted: 18 October 2017 / Published: 1 November 2017
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Abstract

The aim of this article is to investigate the explanatory variables of the number of Facebook fans and Twitter followers for professional sports clubs based on the financial value literature. Such explanatory variables are related to local market conditions and on-field and off-field performance. Based upon a sample of North American major league clubs and the most valuable European soccer clubs as evaluated by Forbes over the 2011–2013 period (423 observations), our results indicate a range of variables with a significant positive impact on the number of social media fans: population, no competing team in the market, current sports performance, historical sports performance, facility age, attendance, operating income, expenses/league mean, and being an English football club. An improved understanding of the effectiveness of clubs’ social media presence is important for contemporary sport managers in terms of enhancing supporter communication, involvement, and accountability, as well as maximizing clubs’ revenue generation possibilities. Our findings could help sport managers to realize their clubs’ social media potential in pursuit of these objectives, specifically to understand which variables are under-exploited and why some clubs over-perform, which will allow managers to prioritize decisions to increase their number of social media fans and financial value. View Full-Text
Keywords: social media; Facebook fans; Twitter followers; professional sports clubs; North America; Europe; local market variables; on-field and off-field performance variables; financial value social media; Facebook fans; Twitter followers; professional sports clubs; North America; Europe; local market variables; on-field and off-field performance variables; financial value
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Scelles, N.; Helleu, B.; Durand, C.; Bonnal, L.; Morrow, S. Explaining the Number of Social Media Fans for North American and European Professional Sports Clubs with Determinants of Their Financial Value. Int. J. Financial Stud. 2017, 5, 25.

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Int. J. Financial Stud. EISSN 2227-7072 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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