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Pharmacy 2015, 3(4), 344-354; doi:10.3390/pharmacy3040344

Perceived Stress, Stressors, and Coping Mechanisms among Doctor of Pharmacy Students

McWhorter School of Pharmacy, Samford University, 800 Lakeshore Drive, Birmingham, AL 35229, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maree Donna Simpson
Received: 3 September 2015 / Revised: 17 November 2015 / Accepted: 17 November 2015 / Published: 25 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Workplace Learning in Pharmacy)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [557 KB, uploaded 25 November 2015]

Abstract

The primary purpose of this study was to examine perceived stress in doctor of pharmacy students during their first, second, and third years of their program in a fully implemented new curriculum. The secondary objectives were to determine if there is a relationship between perceived stress and certain demographic variables, to compare student pharmacist perceived stress to the perceived stress in the general population, and to examine student reported stressors during pharmacy school and coping strategies employed for those stressors. A previously validated survey (Perceived Stress Scale-10) was given to first, second, and third year student pharmacists. Females exhibited higher mean stress scores than males. The under 22 years and over 32 years age categories exhibited higher mean stress scores than the 22 to 26 year old student population. There was no significant difference in perceived stress scores between classes of the program. Only a portion of the variation in stress scores was predicted by gender, age, marital status, race, and year in curriculum. Stress scores among these student pharmacists are higher overall than those in previously published probability samples in the general population. Class assignments and completing electronic portfolios were the top stressors reported. Spending time with family and friends was the most frequent coping mechanism reported. Programming related to stress reduction (particularly among female and nontraditional age students) appears warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: perceived stress; stressors; coping mechanisms; student pharmacists perceived stress; stressors; coping mechanisms; student pharmacists
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Beall, J.W.; DeHart, R.M.; Riggs, R.M.; Hensley, J. Perceived Stress, Stressors, and Coping Mechanisms among Doctor of Pharmacy Students. Pharmacy 2015, 3, 344-354.

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