Next Article in Journal
Do not Lose Your Students in Large Lectures: A Five-Step Paper-Based Model to Foster Students’ Participation
Previous Article in Journal
Creating a Distinct Medication-Use System for Children at the Point of Care: The Time is Now
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Pharmacy 2015, 3(3), 79-88; doi:10.3390/pharmacy3030079

Analysis of Medications Returned During a Medication Take-Back Event

1
Nash Drugs, Inc., Hillsdale, MI 49242, USA
2
Beaumont Health System, Royal Oak, MI 48073, USA
3
University of Michigan College of Pharmacy, 428 Church Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maree Donna Simpson
Received: 28 May 2015 / Revised: 15 July 2015 / Accepted: 22 July 2015 / Published: 27 July 2015
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [517 KB, uploaded 27 July 2015]   |  

Abstract

A medication take-back event was held in Lansing, MI, USA, for four hours in September 2013. The objective was to quantify medication waste by determining the ratio of medication units remaining versus dispensed and to identify therapeutic classes with greater ratios of remaining medication units. Drug name, strength, quantity remaining, quantity dispensed, dispensary source, and brand or generic were recorded from the label of each medication container returned. Out of the over 3600 medication containers collected, this study analyzed 2459 containers, which included 304 controlled substances. On average, 66 percent of the medications dispensed in these containers were unused, and therefore wasted. Immunologic medications had the lowest quantity of waste at 54%, while geriatrics/miscellaneous therapeutic class yielded the highest quantity of waste at 79%. The most common therapeutic classes collected were pain/spasm, cardiovascular, and mental health. Greater emphasis on patient education regarding medication adherence and health care professionals’ judicious prescribing habits is warranted to reduce the frequency of unused medications. The increased accessibility to medication return sites may alleviate the prevalence of medication accumulation, environmental damage, and medication misuse. View Full-Text
Keywords: adherence; medication safety; unused medication; medication take-back; medication disposal adherence; medication safety; unused medication; medication take-back; medication disposal
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, C.H.; Doshi, M.; Mason, N.A. Analysis of Medications Returned During a Medication Take-Back Event. Pharmacy 2015, 3, 79-88.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Pharmacy EISSN 2226-4787 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top