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Pharmacy 2015, 3(2), 27-38; doi:10.3390/pharmacy3020027

Use of Cumulative Assessments in U.S. Schools and Colleges of Pharmacy

University of the Pacific, Thomas J. Long School of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, 751 Brookside Road Stockton, CA 95207, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Keith Wilson
Received: 14 January 2015 / Revised: 18 May 2015 / Accepted: 3 June 2015 / Published: 12 June 2015
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Abstract

The Accreditation Council of Pharmacy Education (ACPE) has taken a strong stance on assessment in pharmacy education. One available assessment tool is cumulative assessments, which may be administered at various points in the curriculum. This article presents the results of a survey of U.S. schools of pharmacy regarding the use of cumulative assessments within their curriculum. A 20-question survey tool was emailed to 125 schools of pharmacy. A total of 105 out of 125 schools participated (response rate 84%). Of these, 52 schools currently have a cumulative assessment program; 18 have one cumulative exam prior to advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs); 19 have a cumulative exam every didactic year; and seven have accumulative exams every semester, except during APPEs (n = 44). Increased faculty workload emerged as the top challenge faced by schools that have implemented a cumulative assessment program. Eighteen schools indicated that no outcomes are measured to determine the utility of the cumulative assessment. From these results, it appears that almost half of participating U.S. schools have implemented a cumulative assessment plan. However, it is apparent that more research needs to be done to determine which outcomes are expected to improve with the implementation of such an assessment plan. View Full-Text
Keywords: comprehensive assessment; cumulative assessment; milestone examination; progress assessment comprehensive assessment; cumulative assessment; milestone examination; progress assessment
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Vyas, D.; Halilovic, J.; Kim, M.-K.; Ravnan, M.C.; Rogan, E.L.; Galal, S.M. Use of Cumulative Assessments in U.S. Schools and Colleges of Pharmacy. Pharmacy 2015, 3, 27-38.

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