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Aerospace 2017, 4(4), 51; doi:10.3390/aerospace4040051

Air Traffic Security: Aircraft Classification Using ADS-B Message’s Phase-Pattern

Department of Electronic Engineering, University of Rome “Tor Vergata”, via del Politecnico 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
Current address: Rheinmetall Italia, Via Affile 102, 00131 Rome, Italy.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Konstantinos Kontis
Received: 27 September 2017 / Revised: 20 October 2017 / Accepted: 27 October 2017 / Published: 30 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Aerospace)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [7996 KB, uploaded 30 October 2017]   |  

Abstract

Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) is a surveillance system used in Air Traffic Control. With this system, the aircraft transmits their own information (identity, position, velocity, etc.) to any equipped listener for surveillance scope. The ADS-B is based on a very simple protocol and does not provide any kind of authentication and encryption, making it vulnerable to many types of cyber-attacks. In the paper, the use of the airplane/transmitter carrier phase is proposed as a feature to perform a classification of the aircraft and, therefore, distinguish legitimate messages from fake ones. The feature extraction process is described and a classification method is selected. Finally, a complete intruder detection algorithm is proposed and evaluated with real data. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADS-B; security; classification; air traffic control; fingerprinting ADS-B; security; classification; air traffic control; fingerprinting
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Leonardi, M.; Di Gregorio, L.; Di Fausto, D. Air Traffic Security: Aircraft Classification Using ADS-B Message’s Phase-Pattern. Aerospace 2017, 4, 51.

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