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Aerospace 2017, 4(2), 24; doi:10.3390/aerospace4020024

Effects of Wake Shapes on High-Lift System Aerodynamic Predictions

Department of Aerospace Engineering, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON M5B2K3, Canada
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in the Proceedings of the 54th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, San Diego, CA, USA, 4–8 January 2016; reprinted with permission of the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul Bruce
Received: 25 February 2017 / Revised: 8 April 2017 / Accepted: 14 April 2017 / Published: 19 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Collection Feature Papers in Aerospace)

Abstract

High-lift devices are commonly modelled using potential flow methods at the conceptual design stage. Often, these analyses require the use of prescribed wake shapes in order to avoid numerical stability issues. The wake type used, however, has an impact on the absolute aerodynamic load predictions, which is why, in general, these methods are used to assess performance changes due to configuration variations. Therefore, a study was completed that compared the predicted aerodynamic performance changes of such variations of high-lift configurations using different wake types. Lift and induced drag results are compared with the results that were obtained using relaxed wakes and various prescribed wake shapes. Specific attention is given to predictions of performance changes due to changes in geometry. It was found that models with wakes that are prescribed below the freestream direction yield the best results when investigating performance changes due to flap deflections and flap-span changes. The effect of flap-gap sizes is best evaluated using a fully-relaxed model. The numerically most stable approach of wakes that are prescribed leaving the trailing edge upwards seems to be least reliable in predicting performance changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: potential flow; wake model; high-lift potential flow; wake model; high-lift
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Bissonnette, W.; Bramesfeld, G. Effects of Wake Shapes on High-Lift System Aerodynamic Predictions. Aerospace 2017, 4, 24.

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