Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Collaborative Health Impact Assessment and Policy Development to Improve Air Quality in West Yorkshire—A Case Study and Critical Reflection
Previous Article in Journal
Influence of Urban Green Area on Air Temperature of Surrounding Built-Up Area
Previous Article in Special Issue
An Ecological Study of the Association between Area-Level Green Space and Adult Mortality in Hong Kong
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Climate 2017, 5(3), 61; doi:10.3390/cli5030061

Impact of Air Temperature on London Ambulance Call-Out Incidents and Response Times

1
School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
2
Chemicals and Environmental Effects Department, Centre for Radiation, Chemical and Environmental Hazards, Public Health England, Chilton OX11 0RQ, UK
3
Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK
4
Institute of Occupational Medicine, Research Avenue North, Riccarton, Edinburgh EH14 4AP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jennifer Salmond, Clive Sabel and Yang Zhang
Received: 13 June 2017 / Revised: 2 August 2017 / Accepted: 4 August 2017 / Published: 10 August 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Climate, Air Pollution, and Public Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1466 KB, uploaded 10 August 2017]   |  

Abstract

Ambulance services are in operation around the world and yet, until recently, ambulance data has only been used for operational purposes rather than for assessing public health. Ambulance call-out data offers new and valuable (near) real-time information that can be used to assess the impact of environmental conditions, such as temperature, upon human health. A detailed analysis of London ambulance data at a selection of dates between 2003 and 2015 is presented and compared to London temperature data. In London, the speed of ambulance response begins to suffer when the mean daily air temperature drops below 2 °C or rises above 20 °C. This is explained largely by the increased number of calls past these threshold temperatures. The baseline relationships established in this work will inform the prediction of likely changes in ambulance demand (and illness types) that may be caused by seasonal temperature changes and the increased frequency and intensity of extreme/severe weather events, exacerbated by climate change, in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: ambulance response times; extreme weather; climate change ambulance response times; extreme weather; climate change
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmood, M.A.; Thornes, J.E.; Pope, F.D.; Fisher, P.A.; Vardoulakis, S. Impact of Air Temperature on London Ambulance Call-Out Incidents and Response Times. Climate 2017, 5, 61.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Climate EISSN 2225-1154 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top