The Influence of the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) on Cold Waves and Occurrence of Frosts in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil
AbstractThis paper examines the relationship between the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO), cold waves and occurrence of frosts in the state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, during the winter quarter. Research on this topic can assist different spheres of society, such as public health and agriculture, since cold waves can influence and/or aggravate health problems and frosts can inflict economic losses especially in the agricultural sector. For the purpose of this paper, cold wave is considered as the event in which the daily average surface air temperature was at least two standard deviations below the average value of the series on the day and for two consecutive days or more. The data on the average air temperature and frost occurrences are provided by the Company of Agricultural Research and Rural Extension of Santa Catarina/Center for Environmental Information and Hydrometeorology (EPAGRI/CIRAM). The AAO was subjected to statistical analysis using significance tests for the averages (Student’s t-test) and variances (F-test) with a significance level of α = 5%. The results show that cold waves are unevenly distributed in the agroecological zones of Santa Catarina. It is found that the AAO is associated with the occurrence of frosts (in the agroecological zones represented by the municipalities of Itajaí and São José) in the state of Santa Catarina. View Full-Text
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Alves, M.P.A.; Brito Silveira, R.; Boligon Minuzzi, R.; Elvino Franke, A. The Influence of the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) on Cold Waves and Occurrence of Frosts in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Climate 2017, 5, 17.
Alves MPA, Brito Silveira R, Boligon Minuzzi R, Elvino Franke A. The Influence of the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) on Cold Waves and Occurrence of Frosts in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Climate. 2017; 5(1):17.Chicago/Turabian Style
Alves, Maikon P.A.; Brito Silveira, Rafael; Boligon Minuzzi, Rosandro; Elvino Franke, Alberto. 2017. "The Influence of the Antarctic Oscillation (AAO) on Cold Waves and Occurrence of Frosts in the State of Santa Catarina, Brazil." Climate 5, no. 1: 17.
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