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Climate 2017, 5(1), 14; doi:10.3390/cli5010014

Assessment of Urban Heat Islands in Small- and Mid-Sized Cities in Brazil

Department of Geography, São Paulo State University (UNESP), 305 Roberto Simonsen Street, Presidente Prudente, São Paulo 19060-900, Brazil
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Academic Editors: Valdir Adilson Steinke and Charlei Aparecido da Silva
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 20 February 2017 / Accepted: 21 February 2017 / Published: 25 February 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studies and Perspectives of Climatology in Brazil)
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Abstract

Urban heat islands (UHIs) in large cities and different climatic regions have been thoroughly studied; however, their effects are becoming a common concern in smaller cities as well. We assessed UHIs in three tropical cities, analyzing how synoptic conditions, urban morphology, and land cover affect the heat island magnitude. Data gathering involved mobile surveys across Paranavaí (Paraná), Rancharia (São Paulo), and Presidente Prudente (São Paulo), Brazil, during summer evenings (December 2013–January 2014). Temperature data collected over five days in each city point to heat islands with magnitudes up to 6 °C, under calm synoptic conditions, whereas summer average UHI magnitudes peak at 3.7 °C. In addition, UHI magnitudes were higher in areas with closely spaced buildings and few or no trees and building materials that are not appropriate for the region’s climate and thermal comfort. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban climate; urban heat island; mobile traverses; tropical cities urban climate; urban heat island; mobile traverses; tropical cities
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cardoso, R.S.; Dorigon, L.P.; Teixeira, D.C.F.; Amorim, M.C.C.T. Assessment of Urban Heat Islands in Small- and Mid-Sized Cities in Brazil. Climate 2017, 5, 14.

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