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Climate 2016, 4(4), 61; doi:10.3390/cli4040061

Seasonal and Spatial Variation of Surface Urban Heat Island Intensity in a Small Urban Agglomerate in Brazil

Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia, Ceres 76300-000, Brazil
Academic Editors: Valdir Adilson Steinke and Charlei Aparecido da Silva
Received: 3 November 2016 / Revised: 23 November 2016 / Accepted: 6 December 2016 / Published: 10 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Studies and Perspectives of Climatology in Brazil)
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Abstract

In recent years, SUHIs (surface urban heat islands) have been greatly emphasized in urban climate studies, since it is one of the climate phenomena most influenced by human action. In this study, temporal and spatial variations of SUHIs in the cities of Ceres and Rialma (Brazil) were investigated; satellite Landsat 8 TIRS/OLI images from 2013 to 2016 were used for this purpose. The results showed that in all seasons, two relationships were observed, one positive and one negative. An N D V I (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) of 0.2 is the divider of this relationship: up to this value, the relationship is positive, that is, the higher the N D V I value, the higher the surface temperature, while the relationship is negative at an N D V I greater than 0.2. There was high seasonal variation in the SUHIs, with the highest intensities recorded in the spring and summer (±12 °C), and the lowest in the winter. These temporal variations were attributed to the annual cycle of precipitation, which directly involves the robustness of the Cerrado vegetation. SUHIs occupied, on average, an area three times larger than the area of SUCIs (surface urban cool islands). The highest values of SUCIs were observed in water bodies and in valley bottoms. Overall, SUHIs showed high intensities; however, a more intense core area, such as in large cities, was not observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban climate; land surface temperature; temporal variation; Landsat urban climate; land surface temperature; temporal variation; Landsat
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Alves, E.D.L. Seasonal and Spatial Variation of Surface Urban Heat Island Intensity in a Small Urban Agglomerate in Brazil. Climate 2016, 4, 61.

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